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Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts

Thursday, 8 August 2019

August 08, 2019

Uganda: The Uganda Vaccine Trial - How African Researchers Are Tackling Ebola

Uganda: The Uganda Vaccine Trial - How African Researchers Are Tackling Ebola Virus!
This was after preliminary results of an "Ebola ça suffit" test that proved the safety and efficacy of the Merck-produced rVSV ZEBOV vaccine and is currently being used in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The vaccine is not licensed, but is currently being used in the DRC on compassionate grounds to have the highest risk of infection.

Uganda: The Uganda Vaccine Trial - How African Researchers Are Tackling Ebola Virus!  This was after preliminary results of an "Ebola ça suffit" test that proved the safety and efficacy of the Merck-produced rVSV ZEBOV vaccine and is currently being used in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The vaccine is not licensed, but is currently being used in the DRC on compassionate grounds to have the highest risk of infection.

Back in 2015, some of us felt that his statement was likely too much given that the vaccine was not licensed. Furthermore, we knew from bitter experience that the vaccine was only part of the Ebola response column. Others included community engagement and monitoring.

But since today in the DRC, given the challenges of implementing another vaccine test in the same situation, I had better be Dr. I appreciate Keita's words. I greatly appreciate the courage shown by the Ministry of Health of Uganda in support of the launch of this new trial. Last week researchers at Epicenter, Uganda Virus Research Institute), Mbara University of Science and Technology and London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene launched a new trial in Uganda.

The aim is to provide additional information and to evaluate the safety and immune response generated by the two-dose Ebola vaccine regimen produced by Janssen Vaccines and Prevention. The study will take place at the Epicenter Mbarara Research Center in Mabara in the southwest of the country. It will last for two years and will include 800 healthcare and frontline workers.

What's on trial

The vaccine regimen uses the "prime-boost" approach. It includes two doses 56 days apart. The approach is designed to produce strong and long-lasting immune responses.

The vaccine is notable, another reason being that it may provide protection against other strains of the Ebola virus. While the DRC is mainly affected by Ebola Zaire strains, countries such as Uganda and Sudan have been exposed to outbreaks of other strains, including Ebola Bundibugyo, Ebola Sudan and Marburg virus.

This vaccine may therefore provide great protection for potential Ebola outbreaks, not including the RVSV Ebola vaccine that only addresses Ebola Zaire strains.

The Janssen vaccine may provide an alternative to the merc vaccine used in DRC. This would be ideal because it is important to have various options to prevent and control Ebola virus disease. This is not the case only for Ebola: we cannot imagine having only one drug to treat other diseases like malaria.

Testing in Uganda can also support the DRC in starting its trial on the same vaccine. Experts from the World Health Organization's Strategic Advisory Group recommend that the new vaccine should be tested in Uganda as well as in DRC areas where no cases have been detected. It will be able to run tests without confusing the population with two different vaccines in the same region.
The possibility of this happening has increased since the resignation of former Health Minister, Ilunga Kalenga in the DRC. He had expressed concern about the implementation of the vaccine. DRC President Felix Tsedekedi has formed an expert committee to lead the Ebola response, which contributed to Kalenga's departure. Professor Jean-Jacques Muembe has been named head of the committee. He was leading the first implementation of the Merck vaccine in the DRC.

What will happen next

The results of the study will be viewed with intense interest for several reasons.

The first is that it is expected to provide evidence that will enable the vaccine to be registered, with the door to be another device with which to fight against Ebola in the DRC and elsewhere.

Another is that the Jensen vaccine can cause strong and long-lasting immune responses against various strains of the Ebola virus, as well as the Marburg virus and Tai Forest virus that affect other African countries.

Tuesday, 9 July 2019

July 09, 2019

Drug abuse responsible for the hepatitis epidemic in Kashmir 2019

Drug abuse responsible for hepatitis epidemic in the Kashmir 2019

Drug abuse responsible for hepatitis epidemic in the Kashmir
Drug additives are more at risk of contracting Hepatitis and HIV and have the potential to spread these deadly infections, "said Dr. Nissar Ul Hassan, DAC President in an ongoing statement to GNS.
He said that,"SMHS Drug Addiction Center in the year 2018-19 and a positive test was conducted and done for 61 for hepatitis C, 17 for Hepatitis B and HIV."
Citing a study, Dr. Nissar said that in every drug addict infected with the hepatitis virus is likely to infect 20 others and this severe infection of the disease occurs within the first 3 years of initial infection of the drugs.

"While Kashmir is being talked about the crisis of substance use, there is another hidden danger under it, increased transmission of hepatitis and HIV infection associated with drug abuse," he said.
Dr. Nissar said, "There is a pandemic of hepatitis in the valley and is a factor in the use of drugs."
"According to a study published in 2017, screening of 2000 patients participating in Government Dental College and Hospital Srinagar revealed the prevalence of 12 percent for Hepatitis B and C infection respectively," he said.
Dr. Nissar said during screening in 2018, it was found positive for hepatitis B that 38 percent of the two twin villages of Kokarnag region and Sonerai of Kokernag region were found to be infected with hepatitis C infection. C in the Vicious Zone of the Shopian area.

"About 460 cases of HIV infection have been registered at SKIMS Hospital," he said.
"Hepatitis B, C and HIV infections are serious medical conditions and infected patients do not show symptoms of disease for many years. Dr. Advocating Nissar said that beginning with the delay is important. Srinagar: Doctors Association Kashmir (DAK) said on Tuesday that drug misuse is responsible for the spread of hepatitis infection in Kashmir. In a statement issued to GNS, DAC President Dr. Nisar-ul-Hassan said, "Drug addiction is more prone to Hepatitis and HIV prevalence and is capable of spreading these deadly infections."
"This is the tip of the iceberg because most people who make intoxicants do not seek medical treatment and they are not tested," he said. Citing a study, Dr. Nissar said that every drug addict infected with hepatitis virus is likely to infect 20 others and this severe infection of the disease occurs within the first 3 years of initial infection.
"While Kashmir is being talked about the crisis of substance use, there is another hidden danger under it, increased transmission of hepatitis and HIV infection associated with drug abuse," he said.

Dr. Nissar said, "There is a pandemic of hepatitis in the valley and is a factor in the use of drugs."
"According to a study published in 2017, screening of 2000 patients participating in Government Dental College and Hospital Srinagar revealed the prevalence of 12 percent for Hepatitis B and C infection respectively," he said.
Dr. Nissar said during screening in 2018, it was found positive for hepatitis B that 38 percent of the two twin villages of Kokarnag region and Sonerai of Kokernag region were found to be infected with hepatitis C infection. C in the Vicious Zone of the Shopian area.
July 09, 2019

Facebook really been benefit to adult mental health

It's a common assumption that the use of social media platforms can be adversely affect the mental health of the people, but new research
has shown that using these networking sites reduces the risk of an adult experiencing depression or anxiety. Could. Facebook's reputation has been drowned in recent years for several reasons, including its role in the 2016 elections and recent data violations.
In addition, studies they have suggested that the social media can be the cause of psychological distress, loneliness and depression. For example, research of 2019 suggested that leaving Facebook may improve overall welfare. However, a study of 2018 on the use of social media by the undergraduates found that limiting the use of social media for about 30 minutes per day could improve mental health.
Now, Keith Hampton, who is a professor of media and information at the Michigan State University in East Lansing, has challenged the claim by analyzing the effects of the use of Facebook on adults that social media platforms contribute to the mental health crisis in the United States. Are there. Results appear in the journal of computer-mediated communication.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, approximately 50 million adults in the US live with mental illness. These diseases include many different conditions, such as depression and anxiety, which vary from light to severe.
Analyze Facebook Effect on Adults
Pro. Hampton believes that the problem with previous studies is that they focus on college students and other youth.
Many people experience emotional upheaval during these life stages, and this can affect the findings of research, instead of using technology specifically.
"Take a snapshot of the anxiety felt by young people today and conclude that due to social media, there is a danger to a whole generation, and ignores the more significant social changes, such as the effects of the Great Depression, the single-child Increase in families, older age and more protective parents, more college going children, and growing student loans, "Prof. Hampton says.
Pro. Hampton had data from 2015 and 2016 with thousands of adults participating in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), which is "the world's longest domestic panel survey." As part of the PSID, participants answered many questions about the use of social media and its effects on their mental health.
The unique structure of PSID made it possible to analyze the relationship between family members. Overall, 5,129 people answered these questions in both 2015 and 2016, and out of these, 3,790 were members of the family, who completed both surveys. In addition, Prof. Hampton was able to test the hypothesis related to social work-causes, which he considered to be ignoring the previous research. Social work takes into account all the social factors that can affect mental health beyond the control of the person, such as the low socioeconomic status.
The findings showed that 63% of social media users were less likely to experience mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety than not using these sites. Pro. Hampton suggests that this is because social media has made it easier for them to be in touch with extended family members and get health information.

Monday, 8 July 2019

July 08, 2019

Dendue fever again catch Three People- Rawalpindi Dendue Fever attack


Rawalpindi: As many as three more patients have been confirmed positive for dengue fever here at the Holy Family Hospital in town in last four days taking the total number of confirmed patients registered at the HFH to four in one week while one patient has already tested positive at District Headquarters Hospital last week.

It is alarming that at least two of the five patients tested positive for dengue fever at the two allied hospitals are residents of rural area of the federal capital, from Union Council Rawat while a local patient of the infection has also been tested positive at the HFH.
The Department of Infectious Diseases at the HFH has tested a total of four patients positive for dengue fever in last one week through NS1 test that has certainly made the situation alarming and further spread of dengue fever cannot be ruled out, said Head of DID Dr. Muhammad Mujeeb Khan while talking to ‘The News’ on Saturday.
He said the five patients reached hospital with symptoms of dengue fever. After suspecting them as patients of dengue fever, dengue serology was performed and the patients were tested positive for the infection through NS1 test, he said.
According to technical guidelines prepared by Dengue Expert Advisory Group of the Punjab government, a case can be confirmed positive only through NS1 test under the criterion set in 2014. These are the first cases of dengue fever reported at the HFH this year and we have notified the district health departments in Rawalpindi and Islamabad of the areas of residence of the patients enabling them to carry out response activity for controlling spread of the infection, said Dr. Mujeeb.
Health experts say that stage for an expected outbreak of dengue fever is in the setting in this region of the country as almost all risk factors for an outbreak including rains, rising temperature, humidity and infected travellers or natives are becoming in existence.
District Health Officer Islamabad Dr. Muhammad Najeeb Durrani has already expressed to ‘The News’ that the appearance of confirmed dengue fever cases in the region has strengthened doubts regarding a possible spike of the infection.

Experts say that if the concerned authorities and individuals take extraordinary preventive measures at the time, the spread of the infection can be avoided. The spread of dengue fever is slower at present and if proper action is taken by all stakeholders well in time, the expected outbreak can be averted.